Berlin Wall Memorial

Berlin Wall Memorial



Berlin Wall Memorial
Bernauer Str. 111,
13355 Berlin, Germany


  • Built: 1961
  • Decomissioned: November 9, 1989
  • The wall was 3.6 meters (12 feet) high and approximately 43 kilometers (27 miles ) long

Visit Duration

  • Recommendet visit time is 1 hours

This historical site in the center of the German capital represents a critical period in global politics and serves as a stark reminder of the impacts of political division and the enduring human desire for freedom. It was a significant symbol of the Cold War and remains one of the most prominent historical landmarks of the 20th century. Here are some important facts about the Berlin Wall:

  1. Construction and Purpose: The Berlin Wall was constructed by the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) in 1961. The primary purpose of the Wall was to prevent East Germans from fleeing to the West. At the height of tensions between capitalism and communism during the Cold War, the Wall was a physical embodiment of the "Iron Curtain" that divided Eastern and Western Europe.

  2. Structure: The Wall was more than just a simple wall. It was a complex system of walls, barbed wire, guard towers, anti-vehicle trenches, and other security measures. The Wall itself was over 12 feet (3.6 meters) high and approximately 27 miles (43 kilometers) long, encircling West Berlin.

  3. Escape Attempts: Over the Wall's 28-year existence, thousands of escape attempts were made. While many people succeeded in crossing the Wall, it's estimated that over 100 people died in the attempt, although exact numbers are difficult to confirm.

  4. Fall of the Wall: The Wall fell on November 9, 1989. After several weeks of civil unrest and protests in East Germany, the East German government announced that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin. Crowds of East Germans climbed onto the Wall, and began to chip away at it with hammers and chisels in a spontaneous celebration.

  5. Remnants and Memorials: Today, parts of the Wall still stand as a reminder of its history. The largest remaining section, known as the East Side Gallery, has been turned into an international memorial for freedom, featuring murals painted by artists from around the world. The Berlin Wall Memorial and Documentation Centre also provide historical context and pay tribute to those who died attempting to cross.

  6. Checkpoints: The Berlin Wall had several checkpoints, the most famous of which was Checkpoint Charlie. It was the primary crossing point for foreigners and diplomats between East and West Berlin. Today, a replica of the original checkpoint booth and sign are popular tourist attractions.


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